Indonesia: PEKKA Loden Doe

PEKKA Education and Community Development Fund: NTT and NTB, Indonesia

PEKKA is a women’s empowerment organisation based in Indonesia with a membership of over 25,00 women ‘heads of household’ (including rural widows, abandoned and divorced women) in more than 800 villages across Indonesia. PEKKA has led campaigns and programs aimed at education, health, access to justice, livelihood and women’s leadership in the community.

PEKKA members are amongst the poorest of the poor with almost half (49%) of PEKKA households represented in the poorest 20% of Indonesian society with an income close to the Indonesian poverty.

In 2017, indigo foundation launched a new partnership with the PEKKA collectives in Adonara, Eastern Indonesia. This partnership is initially focusing on food security through coooperative gardens and improving education outcomes with a new small bursary program for students from primary to university and support for women who have dropped out of school to complete their school certificate.

In 2017/18 this program has been generously supported by the Nadia and Alf Taylor Foundation (previously tna foundation).

For more information on PEKKA’s work in Indonesia, see their website and this article by PEKKA National Coordinator Ibu Nani.

background - PEKKA

Pemberdayaan Perempuan Kepala Keluarga (PEKKA) is an Indonesian civil society organisation that supports and empowers women heads of household in 20 provinces through programs aimed at education, health, access to justice, livelihood, micro finance and women’s leadership in the community.

PEKKA was established in 2001 and has a national secretariat based in Jakarta with over 80 staff and over 1350 PEKKA groups at village level.

The PEKKA National SPKBK (Community-based Welfare Monitoring System Survey) showed that nearly half (49%) of families in Indonesia at the lowest welfare level are headed by women. Women household
heads are typically aged 18-65 supporting 1-6 dependants.

This partnership grew out a three-way relationship between indigo foundation, PEKKA and the World Congress on Family Law and Children’s Rights to support the PEKKA Education and Community Development Fund – a fund to support children and young people in communities where PEKKA works with scholarships to continue their senior high school and university education.

Under this initial arrangement, the World Congress on Family Law and Children’s Rights provided seed-funding in 2015 to start the program in NTB for the academic year commencing in 2016.

background - Adonara and Lembata

Adonara lies in the East Flores regency of Eastern Indonesia, isolated from other islands by treacherous currents and deep channels. Access is by local wooden ferry from Flores Island. Roads are primitive and
water is scarce. There is a two tier system of Government where tribal authority co-exists with the Central government.

North East of Adonara, 15 minutes by motorised canoe, is the island of Lembata (2010 population 117,000, area 80km x 30 km). The people are mostly corn and cassava farmers or fishers. One village still lives by hunting whales using traditional methods. Like Adonara, Lembata suffers from poor water supply, lack of infrastructure and isolation. Lembata is also a source of male labour for Malaysia, leaving many women-headed households behind.
PEKKA Lodan Doe has been establishing a presence in Lembata since 2014.

Poverty in Adonara and Lembata is exacerbated by the large number of men who undertake the traditional practice of “merantau” (lit: wander about). Men leave their families to search for success –
sometimes for years, sometimes forever. Often there is no communication during the time the men are away. It is shameful to return as a failure. Many men from Adonara and Lembata seek work illegally as labourers in Malaysia, and any money that can be accessed for education is prioritised for male children. Often this money is borrowed and may take many years to repay.